Physiology of Yoga Poses Part I

Yoga Practices - Positions, Postures, Asana (The Best Practice to Perfect Health)

Asana name: Physiology of Yoga Poses Part I

The asanas affect:

  • The body and mind complex,
  • The different body systems,
  • The deeper states of awareness
  • Awakenings of kundalini (Dormant creative energy)
  • Release of prana (vital energy)

Asana

To be steady and comfortable in whatever position you take.

Two categories of Asanas:

Cultural Active: affecting all parts of the body, for better health

Meditative Inactive relaxation, affects state of awareness (consciousness)

Asanas are also classified by:

Groups (i.e. twisting, forward bends, backward bends, sideways, inverted, balancing, stretching, relaxing, meditative) – Some are in combinations or, Starting position (i.e. supine, prone, sitting, standing) Posture

Systems:

Digestive, Circulatory, Endocrine, Skeletal, Musculatory, Nervous, Reproductive, Excretory Mind

How do the asanas affect the different systems and mind?

There are two ways to do asanas:

Postures as Exercise:

  • Stimulation to Sympathetic Nervous system
  • Blood Pressure increased
  • Heart Rate increased
  • Superficial Muscles contract
  • Sweat
  • Stress response

Postures as Yoga practice (Hold the position and progressively Relax)

  • Stimulation to Parasympathetic Nervous system
  • Effect is deeper
  • Blood Pressure decrease
  • Heart Rate decrease
  • Superficial muscles relax. (Golgi tendon or clasp & knife reflex relaxes the muscles)
  • Nervous system starts relaxing when you maintain the asana for at least 15-20 seconds
  • Stress is passed onto the deeper muscles which support the organs
  • Internal organs are stressed = metabolism increases, nervous impulses go up, blood, nutrient and nerve supply increase, glands are affected, and toxins are removed.
  • You MUST relax in order to have this benefit!
  • You are more flexible if you are relaxed

Reference:

Asanas – Swami Kuvalayananda (Kaivalyadham, Lonavala, Mumbai)

Asanas – Rishi Dharmajyoti (Yogacharya Vishwas Mandlik)

Physiology of Yogic practices – Dr.Makarand Gore (Kaivalyadham, Lonavala, Mumbai)

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