Home > Effect of Omkar Chanting on Concentration, Memory and Level of Fatigue
 
  Yoga Practices - Positions, Postures, Asana (The Best Practice to Perfect Health)  

 

 

Effect of Omkar Chanting on Concentration, Memory and Level of Fatigue

 

Research Paper By -

Yogacharya Vishwas V. Mandlik (Kulaguru, Yoga Vidyapeeth. Nashik)
Dr. Ramesh Varkhede (Reader in Chemistry, H.P.T. College. Nasik)

 

Abstract

 

Concentration is the measure of accuracy of work. Receiving power is the measure of understanding. Memory is a measure of ability to reproduce the knowledge that is known. The concentration, memory and the level of fatigue can be measured from the psychology based tests. Omkar recitation is an important yogic practice. The vibration due to Omkar meditaiton increases the efficiency of cells and the organs.

 

Introduction

 

Omkar recitation is an important yogic practice. The vibrations due to Omkar recitation increases the efficiency of cells and the concerned organs.

In the Omkar recitation, the first pronunciation A creates the vibrations, which affect on the spinal cord to increase it's efficiency.The second pronunciation U creates the vibrations in the throat and affects the Thyroid Glands, while the last pronunciation M, brings the vibrations to the brain, thereby activating the brain centres, as a result of which, the efficiency of a brain increases. Therefore the effect of Omkar chanting increases the concentration, memory, receiving power of brain and ultimately decreases the level of fatigue.

Concentration is a measure of accuracy of work and receiving power is a measure of understanding while memory is a measure of ability to reproduce the knowledge / known things. Offcourse there are different opinions for the measurement of concentration, memory & receiving power. However, the concentration, memory & level of fatigue can be measured / understood from the Psychology based tests. Based on this hypothesis, the tests, were conducted and the results are discussed.

 

 

Materials And Methods

 

Studies were conducted on 24 female sadhaks in the age group of 20 to 50 years and 13 male sadhak in the age group of 40 to 55 years. They were taught the Omkar chanting. One Omkar in one exhalation of breath in 10 seconds.

Before starting the Omkar Chanting class the Psychology based tests for measurement of concentration, memory and level of fatigue were conducted.

The Omkar chanting class was conducted from 2/4/99 to 3/5/99 everyday in the morning between 6:00 AM to 6:45 AM. The following practices were performed everyday.

 

  • Relaxation 5 Min.
  • Pranayama (Deep breathing) 5 Min.
  • Omkar Chanting 30 Min.
  • Prayer 5 Min.

 

The tests for concentration, memory and level of fatigue were conducted after completing the Omkar chanting class for one month. These tests can be described as follows.

 

 

  • Test for concentration -

  • In this test, the sadhakas were asked to solve some multiplication (four digits by single figure) in 5 minutes. After completing the assignment, the multiplications were corrected. Results were tabulated as total attempted, correct problems & wrong problems. (Table No. 1)
  • Memory Test -

  • In this test, the different 25 items were kept on the table. All sadhaks were asked to observe for 1 minute. After this observation, they were asked to write the names of items within 5 minutes. The observations were tabulated as the number of items written and correct items written. (Table Number 2)
  • Test for level of fatigue (Cancel action Test) -

  • In this test, a paper containing the English alphabets randomly printed was given to the sadhaks. The sadhaks were asked to cancel the 'Y' 'S' & 'G' letters within 5 minutes. They were asked to put vertical line after every minutes to know the number of words canceled in every minute.

 

   
       

 

Result and Discussion

 

 

  • From the concentration test it is observed that the minimum number of problems solved before Omkar chanting class were only three, out of which two were correct. But after the class, the minimum number of problems solved were nine, out of which 8 were correct. While the maximum number of problems solved before Omkar chanting class were 41, all were correct. But after the class, the maximum number of problems solved were 42 and all were correct.


  • The average number of problems solved before class were 20, out of which 17 were 20, out of which 17 were correct. But after the Omkar chanting class, the average number of problems solved were 24, out of which 21 were correct.

    Before Omkar chanting Class, the average minimum 5 problems were solved by 2 sadhaks, but after the Omkar chanting class, the average minimum 10 problems were solved by 3 sadhaks. Similarly before Omkar chanting class, the average maximum number of problems solved were 20 by 11 sadhaks but after Omkar Chanting class, this average maximum number of problems solved were 25 by 16 sadhaks.

    The improvement in ability / accuracy of solving the problems after Omkar chanting class, indicates the increase in concentration.

    From the observations, it can be seen that the concentration of 70% sadhaks has increased significantly.

    The mean values for the problems attempted, correct problems solved, wrong problems and not attempted problems are given in Table No. 1.

     

    Table 1 : Effect Of Pranav Jap on " Concentration" (Multiplication test)
    Treatment
    Attempted
    Correct
    Wrong
    Not attempted
    BEFORE
    Males
    21.5
    17.5
    2.5
    20.5
    Females
    19.9
    17.5
    4.0
    22.1
    Total
    20.5
    17.5
    3.0
    21.5
    AFTER
    Males
    22.9
    20.8
    2.5
    19.1
    Females
    25.5
    20.9
    4.6
    16.5
    Total
    24
    20.9
    3.1
    18.0

     

    The histograms obtained from these values are as shown in Graph No.1.

     

    Treatment : Pranav Jap ( Concentration Test )

     

    From the above histograms, it is observed that after Omkar chanting the score for the respective tests increased significantly.

       
           
  • From the memory test, it is observed that, before Omkar chanting class, the average number of items remembered were 15, while after Omkar

  • chanting class, the number increased up to 19. The minimum number of items remembered before and after Omkar chanting class was 8. But the maximum number of items remembered before Omkar chanting class was 21. While after Omkar chanting class, this number has increased to 24. Before Omkar chanting class the maximum number of item 20 and 21 were remembered by only one sadhak each. But after Omkar chanting class, the maximum number of item (i.e. 24) were remembered by 4 sadhaks. The 20 items were remembered by 11 sadhaks and 18 items were remembered by 8 sadhaks. Before Omkar chanting class, only 4 sadhaks have remembered maximum number of items, but after Omkar chanting class 17 sadhaks have remembered the maximum number of items. Here, we assume that, the 4 sadhaks have remembered maximum number of items before Omkar chanting class, they are having good memory. So excluding these 4 sadhaks, for remaining 23 sadhaks, the memory has increased significantly. This means, the ability to reproduce the known things i.e. memory has increased significantly. This means, the ability to reproduce the known things i.e. memory has increased. It is concluded that, the memory has increased to 16% for 66% of sadhaks after the Omkar chanting class.

    The mean value for items written and correct items for memory test and simply a score for cancellation test is given in Table Number 2.


    Table 2 : Effect Of Pranav Jap on Memory And Level of Fatigue
    Treatment
    Items Written
    Correct Items
    Score (Cancellation)
    BEFORE
    Males
    14.6
    13.5
    9.7
    Females
    15.4
    14.6
    15.4
    Total
    15.1
    14.2
    13.5
    AFTER
    Males
    16.7
    15.5
    15.1
    Females
    19.1
    18.5
    22.0
    Total
    18.2
    17.2
    19.5

     

    The histograms obtained from these values is as shown in Graph No. 2.

     

    Treatment : Pranav Jap ( Memory & Cancellation Test )

     

     

    From the above histograms it is observed that after Omkar chanting the score for the respective tests increases significantly.

     

       
           
  • The average number of marks (words canceled) before Omkar Chanting class were 13, but after Omkar chanting class the marks increased upto 20.


  • The maximum number of marks before Omkar chanting class were 25, but after the Omkar chanting class, the maximum number of marks was 32. From this, it can be concluded that, after Omkar chanting class the marks in cancellation test increased, indicating the decrease in level of fatigue. The effect of Omkar chanting class was same in all age groups except the old age group. From memory and concentration test, it is seen that, the average and maximum number of marks obtained by female sadhaks is greater than that of male sadhaks. It means that, the effect of Omkar chanting class, on female sadhaks was found to be better that that of male sadhaks. The mean value and histogram is as shown in Table Number 2 and Graph 2.

    The standard statistical test recommended, to test whether the Omkar chanting changes the concentration, memory or level of fatigue in case of sadhaks is a paired t-test. It was applied for concentration test, memory test and cancellation test. In this case, null hypothesis to be tested is that there is no difference before and after the Omkar chanting against the alternative that Omkar chanting is effective. The results are as

    Test
    n
    Mean Difference
    t-value
    Concentration
    37
    2.87
    6.37 **
    Memory
    37
    2.91
    5.68 **
    Cancellation
    37
    6.61
    8.54 **

 

 

** : Highly significant.

 

The differences are statistically significant. So the hypothesis, that the Omkar chanting affects the concentration, memory and level of fatigue is accepted. The analysis was carried out by using software CST.

Acknowledgment - Authors are thankful to Shri. M.B.Kulkarni for his cooperation in the statistical calculations. The authors are also thankful to Mrs. Pournima Mandlik for conducting the class for Omkar Chanting.

 

Reference -

Common Statistical Tests
by, M.B.Kulkarni, S. B. Gatpande & S. D. Gore.
Satyajeet Prakashan.