Sanskrit words in yoga
It is important to understand Sanskrit words to learn more about yoga.
Sanskrit Words, Asana Names, Mantras and Devotional Songs related to Yoga
Yoga : Union (original verb Yuj is to join) Yoga is to join Atman (individual consciousness) with Param Atman (universal consciousness)
Yogi / Siddha : One who has reached the state of Union.
Yogini : word used for woman who has reached the state of Union
Swami : One who has mastered himself (body + mind)
Mantra : (Mananat Trayate) One if repeated in mind protects / saves the person
Beeja mantra : Seed syllables, which do not have any literal meaning but create powerful vibrations of energy in mental and pranic body.
Japa : Repetition of mantra
Guru : Dispeller of darkness, who brings light / right knowledge to disciple
Guruvandana : Salutations to the Teacher.
Omkar : Universal sound / mantra.
Yoga Nidra : Yogic Sleep
Sadhaka : Disciple, practitioner or seeker of yoga
Atma : Soul, individual consciousness.
Paramatma : The universal consciousness
Shiva : pure consciousness, Lord Shiva (the master of universe), the destroyer
Shakti : pure energy, Goddess (the energy in the universe)
Vishnu : the operator of the universe, Lord Ram or Lord Krishna are incarnations of Vishnu
Bramha : the creator of the universe
Bramhan : true nature of consciousness
Ganesha : God of wisdom (God represented with elephant head)
Hanuman : The god of strength and intelligence (The monkey God)
Durga : Goddess or Cosmic mother, energy principle, depicted as beautiful goddess with 8 hands, riding on lion, carrying armour.
Kali : primal form of energy (violent form of energy), often depicted as black colored, wearing rosary of skulls, blood dripping from the tongue, having arms and thrashed head in hands.
Tantra : Tan = Tanoti + Tra = Trayati expansion of mind and liberation of energy
Karma yoga :yoga of selfless action
Bhakti yoga : yoga of devotion
Jnana yoga : yoga of knowledge
Raja Yoga : ashtanga yoga or eight fold path
Hatha Yoga : yoga of balancing body and mind. ‘Ha’ means ‘Pingala Nadi’ or pranic energy on physical level and ‘Tha’ means ‘Ida Nadi’ pranic energy on mental level. Balance of physical and mental energies is Hatha
Kundalini Yoga : Yoga of awakening of Pranic energy (it is in dormant condition and practices of yoga awakens the energy)
Swara Yoga : Yoga of alternate nostril breathing, yoga of Pranic energy science
Nada Yoga : Yoga of sound
Kriya yoga : yoga of various teachniques from Tantra to lead to the higher states of awakening
Ashtanga Yoga : The eightfold path of yoga
Prana – Vital energy or life energy, on physical level Bio energy
Nadi – psychic passage of pranic energy,
Ida Nadi – Moon Nadi / left nostril / moon principle controlling mental energy.
Pingala Nadi – Sun Nadi / right nostril / sun principle controlling pranic energy.
Sushumna Nadi – Energy passage carrying kundalini energy along spinal column.
Kundalini – Pranic Energy in 3 & ½ coiled form lying dormant at the root of spine.
Chakra – Whirlpool of pranic energy or Vortex of pranic energy
Mooladhar Chakra – (Root Support) Root charka located in the perineum region sacral plexus, related to perineal body.
Swadhisthan Chakra – (center of self) 2nd charka located at the tail bone or coccyx or pelvic plexus, related to testes or overies.
Manipura Chakra –(Jewel city) 3rd charka located at Solar plexus, related to adrenal glands.
Anahata Chakra – (Unbeaten Sound) Chakra located at cardiac plexus, related to thymus glands.
Vishuddha Chakra – (purification center) Charka located at laryngeal plexus, related to thyroid glands.
Ajna Chakra – (Command Center) charka located at cavernous plexus, related to pineal gland.
Sahasrara Chakra – (Seat of Infinite) located along hypothalamic – pituitary axis, related to pituitary gland.
Shavasana (The Corpse pose)
Shavasana (The Corpse pose)
Tadagasana (The pond pose)
Sulabha Pavanamuktasana (The easy gas release pose)
Ardhachakrasana (The half wheel pose)
Anantasana (The pose of Lord Vishnu)
Vajrasana (The thunderbolt pose)
Januhastasana (The hand to knee pose)
Hastashirasana (The hand to head pose)
Ekapad Sahajahasta Bhujangasana (Easy hand cobra pose with one leg)
Sahajahasta Bhujangasana (Easy hand cobra pose)
Makarasana (The crocodile pose)
Adhvasana (The reverse corpse pose/ the prone salutation pose)
Dattamudra (The gesture of Lord Datta)
Swastikasana (The auspicious pose)
Parvatasana (The Mountain pose)
Vrikshasana (The Tree pose)
Padmasana (The Lotus pose)
Dnyanmudra (The gesture of meditation)
Bhramari (The humming bee breathing)
Shitali/kaki mudra (The cooling breath/ the crow’s beak)
(Salutation to the Sun)
OM RHAM MITRAYA NAMAHA(Rham is the Beeja Mantra, Salute to the friend of all
OM RHIM RAVAYE NAMAHA.( ...to the shining one)
OM RHUM SURYAYA NAMAHA. (...to one who induces activity)
OM RHAIM BHANAVE NAMAHA. (...to one who illumines)
OM RHOUM KHAGAYA NAMAHA.(...to one who moves quickly in the sky)
OM RHAH PUSHNE NAMAHA. (...to the imparter of strength)
OM RHAM HIRANYAGARBHAYA NAMAHA. (...to the golden cosmic self)
OM RHIM MARICHAYE NAMAHA. (... To the lord of the dawn)
OM RHUM ADITYAYA NAMAHA. (...to the son of Aditi, the cosmic mother)
OM RHAIM SAVITRE NAMAHA. (...to the Lord of creations)
OM RHOUM ARKAYA NAMAHA. (...to the one who is fit to be praised)
OM RHAH BHASKARAYA NAMAHA. (...to the one who leads to enlightenment)
OM SHRI SAVITRE SURYANARAYANAYA NAMAH
The complete Mantra:
Controlling the vital energy/ breath control.
Shuddhikriyas (The cleansing techniques) or Shatkarmas (6 techniques)
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