Sanskrit words in yoga

Sanskrit is ancient language and all yoga books are written in this language.
It is important to understand Sanskrit words to learn more about yoga.

Sanskrit words in yoga

Sanskrit Words, Asana Names, Mantras and Devotional Songs related to Yoga

Yoga : Union (original verb Yuj is to join) Yoga is to join Atman (individual consciousness) with Param Atman (universal consciousness)

Yogi / Siddha : One who has reached the state of Union.

Yogini : word used for woman who has reached the state of Union

Swami : One who has mastered himself (body + mind)

Mantra : (Mananat Trayate) One if repeated in mind protects / saves the person

Beeja mantra : Seed syllables, which do not have any literal meaning but create powerful vibrations of energy in mental and pranic body.

Japa : Repetition of mantra

Guru : Dispeller of darkness, who brings light / right knowledge to disciple

Guruvandana : Salutations to the Teacher.

Omkar : Universal sound / mantra.

Yoga Nidra : Yogic Sleep

Sadhaka : Disciple, practitioner or seeker of yoga

Atma : Soul, individual consciousness.

Paramatma : The universal consciousness

Shiva : pure consciousness, Lord Shiva (the master of universe), the destroyer

Shakti : pure energy, Goddess (the energy in the universe)

Vishnu : the operator of the universe, Lord Ram or Lord Krishna are incarnations of Vishnu

Bramha : the creator of the universe

Bramhan : true nature of consciousness

Ganesha : God of wisdom (God represented with elephant head)

Hanuman : The god of strength and intelligence (The monkey God)

Durga : Goddess or Cosmic mother, energy principle, depicted as beautiful goddess with 8 hands, riding on lion, carrying armour.

Kali : primal form of energy (violent form of energy), often depicted as black colored, wearing rosary of skulls, blood dripping from the tongue, having arms and thrashed head in hands.

Tantra : Tan = Tanoti + Tra = Trayati expansion of mind and liberation of energy

Karma yoga :yoga of selfless action

Bhakti yoga : yoga of devotion

Jnana yoga : yoga of knowledge

Raja Yoga : ashtanga yoga or eight fold path

Hatha Yoga : yoga of balancing body and mind. ‘Ha’ means ‘Pingala Nadi’ or pranic energy on physical level and ‘Tha’ means ‘Ida Nadi’ pranic energy on mental level. Balance of physical and mental energies is Hatha

Kundalini Yoga : Yoga of awakening of Pranic energy (it is in dormant condition and practices of yoga awakens the energy)

Swara Yoga : Yoga of alternate nostril breathing, yoga of Pranic energy science

Nada Yoga : Yoga of sound

Kriya yoga : yoga of various teachniques from Tantra to lead to the higher states of awakening

Ashtanga Yoga : The eightfold path of yoga

  1. Yama - Social ethics/discipline.
    • -Ahimsa – Non violence.
    • -Satya – Truth.
    • -Asteya – Non-stealing / non theft.
    • -Brahmacharya – Celibacy, sexual abstinence.
    • -Aparigraha – Non-hoarding, non possessiveness

  2. Niyama - Self discipline.
    • -Shaucha – Purity/cleanliness.
    • - Santosha – Contentment.
    • - Tapa – Austerity.
    • - Svadhyaya – Self study
    • - Ishwara Pranidhana – Surrender to God.

  3. Asana – Posture, position
    • Sthira Sukham Aasanam ||– Steady stable and comfortable state of the body

  4. Pranayama – Breath Control/ Control of the prana or vital energy, life force.
  5. Pratyahara – sense withdrawal.
  6. Dharana – Concentration.
  7. Dhyana – Meditation.
  8. Samadhi – The union of individual consciousness and universal consciousness, self realization, salvation, nirvana.

Prana – Vital energy or life energy, on physical level Bio energy

Nadi – psychic passage of pranic energy,

Ida Nadi – Moon Nadi / left nostril / moon principle controlling mental energy.

Pingala Nadi – Sun Nadi / right nostril / sun principle controlling pranic energy.

Sushumna Nadi – Energy passage carrying kundalini energy along spinal column.

Kundalini – Pranic Energy in 3 & ½ coiled form lying dormant at the root of spine.

Chakra – Whirlpool of pranic energy or Vortex of pranic energy

Mooladhar Chakra – (Root Support) Root charka located in the perineum region sacral plexus, related to perineal body.

Swadhisthan Chakra – (center of self) 2nd charka located at the tail bone or coccyx or pelvic plexus, related to testes or overies.

Manipura Chakra –(Jewel city) 3rd charka located at Solar plexus, related to adrenal glands.

Anahata Chakra – (Unbeaten Sound) Chakra located at cardiac plexus, related to thymus glands.

Vishuddha Chakra – (purification center) Charka located at laryngeal plexus, related to thyroid glands.

Ajna Chakra – (Command Center) charka located at cavernous plexus, related to pineal gland.

Sahasrara Chakra – (Seat of Infinite) located along hypothalamic – pituitary axis, related to pituitary gland.


YOGA SOPAN

Names of Postures

Shavasana (The Corpse pose)

Shavasana (The Corpse pose)

Tadagasana (The pond pose)

Sulabha Pavanamuktasana (The easy gas release pose)

Ardhachakrasana (The half wheel pose)

Anantasana (The pose of Lord Vishnu)

Vajrasana (The thunderbolt pose)

Januhastasana (The hand to knee pose)

Hastashirasana (The hand to head pose)

Ekapad Sahajahasta Bhujangasana (Easy hand cobra pose with one leg)

Sahajahasta Bhujangasana (Easy hand cobra pose)

Makarasana (The crocodile pose)

Adhvasana (The reverse corpse pose/ the prone salutation pose)

Dattamudra (The gesture of Lord Datta)

Swastikasana (The auspicious pose)

Parvatasana (The Mountain pose)

Vrikshasana (The Tree pose)

Padmasana (The Lotus pose)

Dnyanmudra (The gesture of meditation)

Bhramari (The humming bee breathing)

Shitali/kaki mudra (The cooling breath/ the crow’s beak)


YOGA PRAVESH

Names of Postures

Suryanamaskara
(Salutation to the Sun)

Suryanamaskara Mantra

OM RHAM MITRAYA NAMAHA(Rham is the Beeja Mantra, Salute to the friend of all
OM RHIM RAVAYE NAMAHA.( ...to the shining one)
OM RHUM SURYAYA NAMAHA. (...to one who induces activity)
OM RHAIM BHANAVE NAMAHA. (...to one who illumines)
OM RHOUM KHAGAYA NAMAHA.(...to one who moves quickly in the sky)
OM RHAH PUSHNE NAMAHA. (...to the imparter of strength)
OM RHAM HIRANYAGARBHAYA NAMAHA. (...to the golden cosmic self)
OM RHIM MARICHAYE NAMAHA. (... To the lord of the dawn)
OM RHUM ADITYAYA NAMAHA. (...to the son of Aditi, the cosmic mother)
OM RHAIM SAVITRE NAMAHA. (...to the Lord of creations)
OM RHOUM ARKAYA NAMAHA. (...to the one who is fit to be praised)
OM RHAH BHASKARAYA NAMAHA. (...to the one who leads to enlightenment)
OM SHRI SAVITRE SURYANARAYANAYA NAMAH

The complete Mantra:

OM RHAM RHIM RHUM RHAIM RHOUM RHAH,
MITRA RAVI SURYA BHANU KHAGA PUSHAN HIRANYAGARBHA
MARICHI ADITYA SAVITRU ARKA BHASKAREBHYO NAMO NAMAHA.

Asanas in Prone position

  • Saralahasta Bhujangasana (The straight hand cobra pose)
  • Vakrahasta Bhujangasana (The bend hand cobra pose)
  • Ardha Shalabhasana (The half- locust pose)
  • Shalabhasana (The locust pose)
  • Dhanurasana (The bow pose)
  • Naukasana (The boat pose)
  • Makarasana (The crocodile pose)

Asanas in Supine position

  • Ekapada Uttanapadasana (The one leg raised pose)
  • Dwipada Uttanapadasana (The two legs raised pose)
  • Viparitakarni (The inverted pose)
  • Sarvangasana (The shoulder stand pose)
    • Jalandar bandh (The throat / chin lock)
    • Matsya bandh (The fish lock)
  • Ashwini Mudra (The horse gesture)
  • Matsyasana (The fish pose)
  • Halasana (The plough pose)
  • Naukasana (The boat pose)
  • Pavanmuktasana (The gas-release pose)
  • Shavasana (The corpse pose)

Asanas in sitting position

  • Dhyana Mudra (The meditation gesture)
  • Swastikasana (The auspicious pose)
  • Samasana (The balance pose)
  • Padmasana (The Lotus pose)
  • Baddha Padmasana (The tied lotus pose)
  • Utthita Padmasana (The lifted lotus pose)
  • Parvatasana (The Mountain pose)
  • Aakarna Dhanurasana (The stretched bow pose)
  • Padmasana Yogamudra (The lotus pose in a yogic gesture)
  • Vakrasana (The twisted pose)
  • Ardhamatsyendrasana (The half spinal twist)
  • Sharanagata Mudra (The gesture of surrender)
  • Vajrasana (The thunderbolt pose)
  • Vajrasana Yogamudra (The thunderbolt pose in a yogic gesture)
  • Ardha Paschimottanasana (The half-Forward bend pose)
  • Paschimottanasana (The Forward bend pose)

Asanas in standing position

  • Vrikshasana (The tree pose)
  • Veerasana (The warrior’s pose)
  • Trikonasana (The traingle pose)

Preparation for Pranayama

Controlling the vital energy/ breath control.

  • Puraka – Inhaling
  • Rechaka – Exhaling
  • Kumbhaka– Breath retention
  • Abhyantara Kumbhaka – Breath retention after inhaling.
  • Bahya Kumbhaka – Breath retention after exhaling.
  • Pranava Mudra – The gesture used for Pranayama.

YOGA PARICHAY (Part I)

Names of Postures

Asanas with Suryanamaskara

  • Janubhalasana (The Forward bend in standing pose)
  • Ardhabhujangasana (The half-cobra pose)
  • Hastapadasana (The plank pose)
  • Ashtangasana (8 body parts pose)
  • Bhujangasana (The cobra pose)
  • Adhomukh Shavasana (The downward dog pose)

Asanas in Prone position

  • Niralamba Bhujangasana (Cobra pose without support)
  • Niralamba Shalabhasana (Locust pose without support)
  • Dhanurasana (The bow pose)
  • Naukasana (The boat pose)

Asanas in supine pose

  • Sarvangasana (The shoulder stand pose)
  • Matsyasana ( The Fish pose)
  • Halasana (The plough pose)
  • Vistrutapada Halasana (The plough pose with spread out legs)
  • Karnapeedanasana (The knee to ear pose)
  • Ardha Chakrasana (The half wheel pose)
  • Chakrasana (The wheel pose)

Asanas in sitting pose

  • Padmasana (The Lotus pose)
  • Siddhasana ( The perfect pose)
  • Ardhamatsyendrasana (The half spinal twist )
  • Simhasana (The Lion pose)
  • Kukkutasana (The cockerel pose)
  • Garbhasana (The Foetus pose)
  • Padangushtasana (The single toe balancing pose)
  • Merudandasana (The spinal column pose)
  • Utkatasana (The balancing on both toes pose)
  • Tolangulasana (The weighing scale pose)
  • Ekapadahastasana (The hands to foot pose)
  • Ugrasana (The ferocious pose)
  • Paschimottanasana (The back stretching pose)
  • Ardhapadmabandhasana (The half lotus-leg stretch pose)
  • Hansasana (The swan pose)
  • Ekapadashirasana (The one leg to head pose)

Asanas in Standing pose

  • Shirshasana (The head stand pose)
  • Parivarta Trikonasana (The inverted triangle pose)
  • Ekapadahastasana (The hands to foot pose)
  • Ugrasana (The ferocious pose)
  • Sankatasana (The difficult pose)
  • Garudasana (The Eagle pose)
  • Mridanga Bandh (The drum pose)

Bandha

  • Jalandar Bandha (The throat lock/the chin lock)
  • Uddiyana Bandha (The abdominal lock)
  • Mool Bandha (The root/anus lock)

Shuddhikriyas

Shuddhikriyas (The cleansing techniques) or Shatkarmas (6 techniques)

  • Neti – Cleansing of nasal passage,
  • Dhouti - Cleansing of alimentary canal,
  • Basti – Enima,
  • Nouli – Abdominal massage,
  • Kapalbhati – Frontal brain cleansing,
  • Trataka – Concentrated gazing
  • Jalaneti (Cleansing of Nasal passage with water)
  • Kapalabhati (Cleansing of lungs & wind pipe)
  • Agnisar (Churning digestive fire technique)
  • Vamandhouti (Cleansing of stomach and esophagus)
  • Nasagra Drishti – Nose tip gazing (Trataka-concentrated gazing)

Pranayama

  • Nadishuddhi Pranayama – The psychic network purification.
  • Ujjayi Pranayama – The psychic breath.
  • Bhramari Pranayama – The humming bee breath.

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