The word Shankhaprakshalana comes from two words. Shankha
meaning "conch" and prakshalana meaning
to wash completely. The word shankha is used to represent
the entire alimentary canal from mouth to anus. This
practice is also known as "varisar dhouti".
This practice is also a part of kaya kalpa, which is
an ayurvedic technique for physical purification and
transformation, kaya means body & kalpa means transformation.
Shankhaprakshalana is the process to clean the intestinal
tract by removing the impurities with salty water.
No one should try this in absence of Yoga Guru
and without advice of medical practitioner.
preparation : Plenty of clean, warm water should be available, add
2 tea spoons of salt per liter to the water and 1 lemon
juice per litter. Please Do not add sugar.
to practice : The best place to practice Shankhapkshalana is a garden
or in an open area where there's fresh air. Make
sure that adequate toilet facilities are near by. The
practice is best with a group of people doing together.
The atmosphere should be relaxed to make sure that there
are free bowl movements.
Procedure : Start the process early in the morning at 6 to 7am.
Initially drink 2 glasses of the water preparation as
quickly as possible, in a sitting position. Perform
the following 6 asanas dynamically 6 times each, in
all 36 asanas in one round, practice 2 rounds in the
correct order as explained below :
- Keep the feet apart 16-18 inches from each other.
- Lift both the arms in front, bring it to shoulder level and interlock your fingers.
- Take interlocked hands up and face the palms up, straighten your arms
- Lift your heals up and stretch your body in upward direction, stay for a while and then release it
- Repeat this asana for 6 times and then go for another asana
- Take the same position as tadasana without lifting the heals.
- Stretch the body up and bend towards left from waist and hold the position for some time.
- Come back to pre-position and relax.
- Bend towards right and hold for some time.
- come back to pre-position and release
- Repeat it from the right side. This completes first round. Do 6 rounds continually.
- Take distance between both the legs of about 16-18 inches
- Raise your arms side-ways to shoulder level, palms of the hands facing downwards & parallel to ground.
- Turn from the waist towards left, keeping the arms parallel to ground.
- Bend Right arm in elbow and turn around your body and put the hand on the left shoulder.
- Bend left arm in elbow and turn from back twist around the waist towards right.
- Turn your neck towards the left and give twist to whole body towards left. Remain still for a while in this position and then release the asana.
- repeat this asana for 6 times and then go for another asana
Pre position - prone position
- Bring both hands near the chest and place palms on the ground, keep the fingers together pointing front except the thumb drawn towards the body, Touch the forehead to the ground & raise the forehead, bend the neck backward.
- The distance between the legs should be 10-15 inches and touch the toes on the ground by stretching backwards.
- Bend the right hand in elbows and keeping the left hand straight from waist and give twist towards left along with neck
- Release this position and repeat from right side and complete one round.
- Repeat this asana for 6 times.
- Take distance between 2 legs of about 8-10 inches, bend the knees touch the soles and sit down.
- Put both the hands on the knees bending the elbows.
- With the help of left hand press the left knee towards right foot but don?t lift up the right leg up in this position, give the pressure of right thigh to left thigh
- Remain still in this position for while and then release
- Repeat this asana for 6 times.
- Take the same position as udarakarshana
- Put your left leg in front of about 1 feet and bend the right knee towards the left foot
- Lift the right knee up and put it 1 feet forwards and at the same time left knee towards the right foot
- In the same way move forward and walk for about 20 feet by following same steps.
two glass of water which is specially prepared and repeat
all the asanas each 6 times. If you need to go to the
toilet, go and empty your bowels if they have not yet
been emptied do not strain, it is not essential at this
point. Drink two glasses of water and repeat two rounds
of the asanas. When you feel to go to toilet leave the
particular asana and go to toilet, and then come back
continue from where you had left that particular asana.
Afterwards continue drinking the water, performing the
asanas and going to toilet.
As pressure increases less stools and more water will
be evacuated. Eventually cloudy yellow water and finally
almost clear water will be evacuated, but it varies from
person to person. The speed at which one completes the
practice should not be compared with that of others.
Total rest for about 1 hr to 45 min is essential after
the practice of shankhaprakshalan in shavasana position,
one should not sleep as it may result in a cold or headache.
Try to maintain complete silence because during this time
the whole digestive system is given a chance to recharge
itself. Passing urine at this time is perfectly normal.
2 hours after completing shankhaprakshalan the specially
prepared food, khichri (rice + moong lentils), must be
taken, eating this meal at correct time is essential.
The 3 components of the khichri are helpful in the restoration
of correct digestive function. The clarified butter (cow's
ghee) is necessary to coat the intestinal walls until
the body produces new lining. Rice provides simple easily
digestible material in the form of carbohydrates and creates
mucus, which also protects the inner lining of the alimentary
canal. The lentils supplement the diet by giving the body
an easily digestible source of protein, it's an
all round nutritional meal and sufficient quantity of
it must be eaten to help the intestines and keep the walls
of the gut stretched, other wise they may cramp due to
the absence of the bulk to which they are accustomed.
This bulk not only maintains the lane but also aids the
intestine to resume peristalsis. It is also important
in order to present in digestion, diarrhea and constipation.
Further rest However, it is important not to sleep for at least
3 hours, after the initial meal Sleep during this period
may lead to physical lethargy and headache; complete rest
should be taken for the remaining of the day and also
for the following days. During this period it is advisable
to keep moan (silence) and avoid physical & mental
meal Khichri should also be prepared for the late afternoon
or evening meal, about 6 hours after the first meal.
Frequency This practice should be preformed only once
in 6 months.
Duration The whole day should be aside for this practice
and the following day for the rest.
Practice - 1st day - 1 round, an increase one round per day, for 6 days.
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