The word Shankhaprakshalana comes from two words. Shankha meaning "conch" and prakshalana meaning to wash completely. The word shankha is used to represent the entire alimentary canal from mouth to anus. This practice is also known as "varisar dhouti". This practice is also a part of kaya kalpa, which is an ayurvedic technique for physical purification and transformation, kaya means body & kalpa means transformation. Shankhaprakshalana is the process to clean the intestinal tract by removing the impurities with salty water.
NOTE - No one should try this in absence of Yoga Guru and without advice of medical practitioner.
Pre- preparation : Plenty of clean, warm water should be available, add 2 tea spoons of salt per liter to the water and 1 lemon juice per litter. Please Do not add sugar.
Place to practice : The best place to practice Shankhapkshalana is a garden or in an open area where there's fresh air. Make sure that adequate toilet facilities are near by. The practice is best with a group of people doing together. The atmosphere should be relaxed to make sure that there are free bowl movements.
Procedure : Start the process early in the morning at 6 to 7am. Initially drink 2 glasses of the water preparation as quickly as possible, in a sitting position. Perform the following 6 asanas dynamically 6 times each, in all 36 asanas in one round, practice 2 rounds in the correct order as explained below :
Pre position - prone position
Drink two glass of water which is specially prepared and repeat all the asanas each 6 times. If you need to go to the toilet, go and empty your bowels if they have not yet been emptied do not strain, it is not essential at this point. Drink two glasses of water and repeat two rounds of the asanas. When you feel to go to toilet leave the particular asana and go to toilet, and then come back continue from where you had left that particular asana. Afterwards continue drinking the water, performing the asanas and going to toilet.
As pressure increases less stools and more water will be evacuated. Eventually cloudy yellow water and finally almost clear water will be evacuated, but it varies from person to person. The speed at which one completes the practice should not be compared with that of others.
Total rest for about 1 hr to 45 min is essential after the practice of shankhaprakshalan in shavasana position, one should not sleep as it may result in a cold or headache. Try to maintain complete silence because during this time the whole digestive system is given a chance to recharge itself. Passing urine at this time is perfectly normal.
2 hours after completing shankhaprakshalan the specially prepared food, khichri (rice + moong lentils), must be taken, eating this meal at correct time is essential. The 3 components of the khichri are helpful in the restoration of correct digestive function. The clarified butter (cow's ghee) is necessary to coat the intestinal walls until the body produces new lining. Rice provides simple easily digestible material in the form of carbohydrates and creates mucus, which also protects the inner lining of the alimentary canal. The lentils supplement the diet by giving the body an easily digestible source of protein, it's an all round nutritional meal and sufficient quantity of it must be eaten to help the intestines and keep the walls of the gut stretched, other wise they may cramp due to the absence of the bulk to which they are accustomed. This bulk not only maintains the lane but also aids the intestine to resume peristalsis. It is also important in order to present in digestion, diarrhea and constipation.
Further rest However, it is important not to sleep for at least 3 hours, after the initial meal Sleep during this period may lead to physical lethargy and headache; complete rest should be taken for the remaining of the day and also for the following days. During this period it is advisable to keep moan (silence) and avoid physical & mental work.
Second meal Khichri should also be prepared for the late afternoon or evening meal, about 6 hours after the first meal.
Frequency This practice should be preformed only once in 6 months.
Duration The whole day should be aside for this practice and the following day for the rest.
Practice - 1st day - 1 round, an increase one round per day, for 6 days.
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